Archive for May, 2010

Resource: Payment is good, control is better: why payments for forest environmental services in Vietnam have so far remained incipient

May 8, 2010
By admin

This report, published by the Centre for International Forestry (CIFOR), explores why payments for forest environmental services in Vietnam have so far remained incipient.  As such it represents good background reading for attendees at Katoomba 17, for those people who will be engaging with the conference over the Internet or for individuals interested in the topic more generally.

It is available for download here.

The study reviews what kind of schemes (direct and indirect) related to payments for environmental services (PES-related schemes) currently exist in Vietnam, and what have been the success stories of, as well as the obstacles to, PES implementation.

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Blog: Follow Katoomba XVII Online

May 3, 2010
By admin

The 17th Katoomba Meeting will take place in Hanoi on June 22-23, bringing together policy-makers, farmers, financiers, and others whose lives and livelihoods depend on preserving the region’s living ecosystems.  Building on the success of our previous meetings (most recently in Accra and Palo Alto), we’ll be using the internet to make this a truly global exchange of idea. We’d like to invite your participation.

26 April 2010 | With less than two months to go before Katoomba XVII, we’ve begun posting stories related to issues in the region – beginning with an introductory overview of payments for ecosystem services.

As the date approaches, we’ll be launching a new web site dedicated to Katoomba XVII (or K-17 for short).  There, you’ll be able to view presentations and see interviews with key speakers before, during, and after the event.  On the days of the event itself, we’ll be mirroring much of this content on EM, as we did with Katoomba XVII.  That means you’ll be able to view interviews with speakers and other participants, and you’ll also be able to download podcasts of all presentations.

For now, we’ve already set up user groups on LinkedIn and facebook to help you keep abreast of issues we’ll be addressing at the meeting itself.

You can also follow us on twitter – @ KatoombaGroup.

Why Hanoi?

While a number of projects are underway, PES in the Southeast Asia region primarily occurs on an ad hoc basis through small-scale pilot projects. However, information, capacity to design and manage PES deals, and institutions to support on-the-ground implementation are often lacking and have hindered efforts to scale up.

Carbon markets, both regulated and voluntary, have grown rapidly and offer opportunities for new investment in rural regions of SE Asia.

The emergence of opportunities for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) makes it even more important for countries in the region to build their capacity and put in place ‘REDD readiness’ strategies.

Many SE Asian nations face a range of water-related challenges, including threats to reliable flows of water and the marine environment. While there are efforts underway to introduce market-based approaches — such as payments for watershed services (PWS) and user fees in marine protected areas — there remain outstanding questions, such as:

how to identify additional prospective buyers;
how to structure the contracts;
how to distribute payments equitably to communities;
how to monitor the schemes to ensure efficient and effective delivery of the service; and
how to ensure that payments schemes are sustainable.

Mangrove ecosystems, in particular, are of particular interest to stakeholders in the region and represent an interesting vehicle to bridge forest and marine, adaptation and mitigation, and local and international financing schemes (e.g. REDD). Carbon pools of mangroves are now being shown to exceed that of upland tropical forests. Throughout the Mekong region, market-based instruments for the conservation of marine and mangrove ecosystems are still nascent, with only a few small-scale case studies or pilots. In response to these questions and challenges, the 2010 South East Asia Katoomba Group meeting offers a unique opportunity to further develop:

REDD readiness strategies including post-COP15 discussions on national-level REDD systems, international, regional and national experience, investor and other stakeholder engagement, pilot demonstration sites, capacity building / training needs, and research agendas; and
Payment for Watershed Services
Payment for Marine Ecosystem services throughout the region, by exploring how climate change adaptation strategies can be complemented by mitigation measures and revenues from carbon credits; and identifying buyers for a range of marine ecosystem services.
Biodiversity Markets and Market-like Structures

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PES & REDD 101 web links

May 3, 2010
By admin

Below are links to a wide range of resources to guide individuals new to the fields of Payment for Ecosystem Services and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation.

Climate Change

Effects of Climate Change, Time Magazine http://www.time.com/time/interactive/0,31813,1620995,00.html

Climate Change Impacts: Feeling the Heat, The Nature Conservancy http://www.nature.org/initiatives/climatechange/issues/

Technologies, Policies and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change, IPCC http://www.gcrio.org/ipcc/techrepI/index.html

Forests

Forests and Climate Change, FAO Newsroom http://www.fao.org/newsroom/EN/focus/2006/1000247/index.html

Tropical Forests and Climate Change Adaptation http://www.cifor.cgiar.org/trofcca/_ref/home/index.htm

Science Clarified: Forests http://www.scienceclarified.com/Ex-Ga/Forests.html

PES

Getting Started, a Primer

http://www.katoombagroup.org/documents/publications/GettingStarted.pdf

Negotiating for Nature’s Services

http://www.katoombagroup.org/documents/publications/NegotiatingforNature.pdf

Sven Wunder:  What are Payments for Environmental Services (video)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uNGPF1CdK-4

Our Changing Planet: Ecosystem Services (video)

http://www.umac.org/ocp/videos/ecosystemServices.html

A Gateway to PES

http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/a_gateway_to_pes_d_huberman.pdf

Making Sense of the Voluntary Carbon Market: A Comparison of Carbon Offset Standards, WWF

http://assets.panda.org/downloads/vcm_report_final.pdf

REDD

REDD in the Real World (video)

http://www.whrc.org/Policy/REDD/redd_film.htm

REDD: A New Animal in the Forest (video)

http://www.redd-monitor.org/2009/12/04/two-films-on-redd-in-indonesia-by-lifemosaic/

The Little REDD Book

http://www.globalcanopy.org/main.php?m=117&sm=176&t=1

Websites

Ecosystem Marketplace

http://ecosystemmarketplace.com/

Forest Carbon Portal

http://www.forestcarbonportal.com/

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

http://www.ipcc.ch/


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Combining Multiple PES Markets: Stacking and Bundling

May 2, 2010
By admin

For additional resources, click here
This session will look at how to design markets which integrate ecological values while also allowing landholders to tap multiple sources of potential revenue

Panel

Experience in the Region and Beyond

Tom Clements, Technical Advisor, Wildlife Conservation Society

Bundling in the Miyun Reservoir, China

Wang Xiaoping, Beijing Forestry and Parks Department, China

Cambodia: Oddar Meanchey REDD Project: Community Bundling Approach Connecting Small CFM Areas

Chhun Delux, Senior Carbon Officer, PACT Cambodia

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Benefits Distributions Systems

May 2, 2010
By admin

For additional resources, click here
This session will explore expectations for equity, transparency, additionality and performance while managing Payment for Ecosystem Services revenues in an effective and efficient manner.

Panel

Benefits Distribution System for Vietnam and Lessons Learned from Past or Current Forest Programs with Benefits for Local Stakeholders

Thangh Manh Cuong, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam

Experience with Benefits Sharing under the Developing Eco-Compensation Policy Framework Developing in China

Dr. Cai Bofeng, Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning. China

Villages and REDD+: Issues of Local People John

JK Kuange, WCS Papua New Guinea


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Coastal and Marine Markets

May 2, 2010
By admin

For additional resources, click here
Healthy and robust marine ecosystems provide the underpinnings for profitable industries and support coastal communities throughout the world. In addition, oceans play crucial roles in regulating the atmosphere and modulating weather, storing carbon, cycling nutrients, and providing other ecosystem services. Coastal areas provide essential resources, buffer land from storms, and provide living space for almost half of the global population.

In response to growing environmental concerns, markets are emerging for marine ecosystem services in countries around the world. Formal markets now exist to regulate commercial fisheries and potential markets are being proposed for marine biodiversity offsets and carbon sequestration. Moreover, focused business deals and payments for ecosystem services are being forged to invest in restoration and conservation of specific marine ecological systems and the services that they provide.

In order to address these issues, our panel focus is on innovative mechanisms for marine and coastal conservation

Panel

Marine Conservation Agreements as a Way to Implement PES

Rili Djohani, Director, Government and Partner Relations, TNC Indonesia

Coastal Community livelihoods implication to intact ecosystem services. 

Don Macintosh, Mangroves for the Future

Exceptionally high carbon storage in mangroves: Implications for carbon markets

Dan Donato, US Forest Service

The Frontier of Payment for Ecosystem Services: Protecting and Maintaining Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Services

Winnie Lau, Manager, Forest Trends MARES Program

Effective Mangrove Conservation Through Co-management

Klaus Schmitt, Chief Technical Advisory, Management of Natural Resource in the Coastal Zone of Soc Trang Province, GTZ VIetnam

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Biodiversity Markets

May 2, 2010
By admin

For additional resources, click here
As more and more governments and businesses consider market-like instruments as tools for biodiversity footprint management, it is increasingly important to understand what is happening, where, and how those tools work. It is also critical to provide reliable information free to the public to enable all market participants to make more informed decisions, learn from the experiences of others, and ultimately allow stable, equitable and effective conservation markets to develop.

This panel will discuss how to get beyond public finance for biodiversity conservation and how markets can be used to achieve more and better cost effective conservation outcomes from infrastructure development.

Panel

State of Biodiversity Offsets and Biodiversity Market Instruments
Kerry ten Kate, Director, Business and Biodiversity Offsets Program (BBOP), Forest Trends

REDD+ And Biodiversity Conservation
Terry Sunderland, Forests and Livelihoods Programme, CIFOR

Basics of Biodiversity Offsets and Conservation Banking: Lessons from the State of Victoria and Ideas for the South-East Asia Region
Michael Crowe, Government of Victoria, Australia

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Payments for Watershed Ecosystem Services

May 2, 2010
By admin

For additional resources, click here
The use of markets and market-based mechanisms to conserve and pay for ecosystem services is a growing global trend that has gained a solid foothold through both the regulated and voluntary carbon markets and is rapidly gaining traction in the water markets. Furthermore, it is a trend that is no longer solely important to environmentalists but has become of essential interest to small local communities, government regulators, businesses, and financiers all over the world.

The focus of this panel is on understanding how to maximize ability of market mechanisms to increase watershed services while also providing incentives for improved land use in catchment areas. We will explore cases where market-based mechanisms can play a critical role in the protection, restoration and sustainable management of the world’s most essential commodity— water — for which there is no substitute.

Panel

Overview of China’s Watershed EcoCompensation Programs
Jin Leshan, China Agricultural University
Lessons Learned Facilitating Linkages between ES Providers and Sellers
Dr. Delia Catacutan, ICRAF/RUPES
Emerging markets and market-like approaches to watershed quality
Mark Kieser, Kieser & Associates

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The Vietnam Experience

May 2, 2010
By admin


For additional information, click here
This session will explore Vietnam’s Forest Ecosystem Services, related policy development and other relevant experiences.

Panel

Vietnam’s Pilot Policy for Forest Ecosystem Services (PFES): Government Perspective

Nguyen Tuan Phú, Office of the Government and Pham Xuan Phuong, Legal Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam

Contributions of Winrock International and GTZ to the formulation and implementation of policy on Payment for Forest Environmental Services in Viet Nam

Nguyen Chi Thanh, Winrock International, Vietnam; Juergen Hess, GTZ Vietnam

Experience with REDD Pilot Projects in Vietnam

Richard McNally and REDD working group in Vietnam

Forest law enforcement, governance, and trade (FLEGT), and potential implications of REDD for local people: Impacts of small-scaled illegal logging operations

Rene Boot, Tropenbos International

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Projects, Products and Measurement Reporting

May 2, 2010
By admin
Projects, Products and Measurement Reporting

For additional information, click here
This session will identify key roadblocks, priority action areas and research/capacity building needs around the measurement of carbon.

Panel

REDD Carbon Measurement, National Inventories, Nested and Sectoral Approaches
Joerg Seifert-Granzin, Forest Carbon Consultant, Forest Trends
How Projects Measure Up: Key Successes of REDD+ Projects and Lessons Learned for Design and Evaluation of REDD+ Activities
Adam Gibbon, Climate Initiative Technical Specialist, Rainforest Alliance
Regional REDD, Governance and Leakage Issues
Gary Bull, Professor, University of British Columbia

Resources
REDD Carbon Measurement, National Inventories, Nested and Sectoral Approaches
Joerg Seifert-Granzin , Forest Carbon Consultant, Forest Trends

Joerg Seifert-Granzin explains how future REDD implementation framework should look like while providing insight on how to share benefits from REDD with different stakeholders. In addition to giving examples of various measurement approaches in different countries, Joerg also describes 6 categories for dealing with inconsistencies between project based approaches, national approaches and sub-national activities.

Click here for video of Joerg Seifert-Granzin ‘s Presentation

How Projects Measure Up: Key Successes of REDD+ Projects and Lessons Learned for Design and Evaluation of REDD+ Activities
Adam Gibbon, Initiative Technical Specialist, Rainforest Alliance

Click here for video of the side meeting with Adam Gibbon

Click here to download the PowerPoint presentation

Regional REDD, Governance and Leakage Issues
Gary Bull, Professor, University of British Columbia

Gary Bull explains the problems of leakages and proposes solutions on how to tackle the issue while stressing that international leakage should be the main focus. He presents two types of trade models, and explains that engaging key stakeholders from government, industries, and NGOs is key to solving the problem.

Click here for video of Gary Bull’s Presentation

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